Takshila or Taxila or Takshashila (in Pakistan) is the place where the first university of the world is established in 700BC. This university was located approximately 50 km west of the place Rawalpindi in the Pakistan. Though it was not organized well up to Nalanda university standards, it stood as a significant Vedic or Hindu and Buddhist learning center.
Still disagreements are going on with some groups to regard Takshashila as a university in the modern sense. While the other groups consider it as an early University or higher education center.
It had been recorded that more than 10,500 students from all parts of the world studied here. Usually students from the age of sixteen came into Takshashila. There was accommodation facility or Hostel in modern terms for the students who came from the farthest places like China, Greece, Arabia, Babylonia etc. Students were offered with different subjects like Mathematics, Politics, Astrology, Medicine, Astronomy, Philosophy, Warfare, Music, Religion. In the school of law, medicine and military, the Vedas and Eighteen Arts like elephant lore, archery and hunting were taught. It was the student's choice to opt their course directly.
There was a rule that, students should bear their own expenditure in the university. If it was not so then they worked as assistants to their teachers.
Takshashila university was famous for medicine course.
Famous students of Takshashila
Panini Image source from wikipedia
All his work was defined as Classical Sanskrit by marking an end to Vedic Sanskrit.
He was born in the place called Shalatula, on the bank of the Indus river, in the Gandhara (Peshawar, Pakistan). His lifetime was 520 to 460 BC at the end of the Vedic period.
He created a historical milestone in India by his reversals to rulers who came to conquer India.
Even in the front of rulers he disclosed his heart with full guts which was the identification of his strong support for democracy.
Although he belonged to the BC century, his principles and ideas are most precious and inspirational to the present day people.
He was excellent in politics. He plays political games with diplomacy which shows his self confidence.
Acharya Charaka Image source from wikipedia
He contributed his life time towards the Ayurveda science and a natural healthy lifestyle.
He was the first person who proved that life span cannot be dominated by health and disease, if a person takes care of his or her lifestyle.
He was the first physician who framed the concepts of the digestion system, metabolism and immunity system. He was known with the basics of genetics in that period itself.
Acharya Charaka's statement:
"A physician who fails to enter the body of a patient with the lamp of knowledge and understanding can never treat diseases. He should first study all the factors, including environment, which influence a patient's disease, and then prescribe treatment. It is more important to prevent the occurrence of disease than to seek a cure."