Whereas, the hub is the energy source to drive the wheel of life and remains still.
To know the "center of consciousness" or the Self (the hub), one must go through the four spokes. One who knows the hub at the center knows the Self, which is known as "Self Realization".
Four functionalities of the mind
- Manas / Conscious mind (sensory processing of mind and thoughts)
- Chitta / Subconscious mind (storage of impressions and habits)
- Ahamkara / Ego ("I" ness)
- Buddhi / Intellect (discriminates, knows, judges and decides)
Manas / Conscious mind
If "Buddhi" is dark, then Manas keeps continuing to question and seek for the good instructions and leads to listening to the Chitta, which stores the wishes, desires, wants, attractions in its bank.
"Manas is the direct supervisor of the senses in the inner factory".
With this observation, we come to know the work of the "Manas", behind these actions, speech and senses.
Hence, "Manas" is not the boss who give orders directly to the conscious and unconscious thoughts, but the supervisor, who gives the direction.
Chitta / Sub-conscious mind
"Chitta is the storage place of the number of deep and hidden impressions".
This helps to notice, how and from where the flow of thoughts are coming and getting stored. Finally, we can understand that, the storage place is the "Chitta".
Ahamkara / Ego
Ahamkara or Ego is the strongest wave which declares "I"
So, purifying "Buddhi" is the very crucial task in the path of Self realization.
The "attraction or aversion" may be strong or weak, which can be clearly noticeable. Noticing the weak ones is very easy compared to the strong ones.
The root word for "Buddhi" is "Budh", which means awaken.
Buddhi is capable to make cognitive discrimination, decide, judge and differentiate. If it is clear and Manas accepts its guidance, it determines the wiser one in this dual world.
"Buddhi is the key decision maker in the factory of life".
Hence a person who wants to travel in the spiritual path, has to clear the clouded Buddhi, to improve the choices which lead to the truth with the clarity.
Depth of Buddhi
But in the state of deep meditation, we discover that, it is a tool to experience the unity with the universe, as it is the reason to separate us from the universe.
To differentiate between the "Buddhi" and pure consciousness is one of extreme stages in the journey of meditation.
Discriminating the four functionalities of the mind with Observation
This is done by:
- Understanding the mind's functionalities and
- The coordination of the mind's four functionalities.
Understanding the mind's functionalities
1) Observe each functionality of the mind.
2) Accept the nature of the each functionality of the mind.
3) Train the each functionality of the mind(this is the very crucial step) through the systematic
procedures of yoga and meditation.
"Observing and differentiating between the Four Functions of Mind is a key to Self-realization".
Coordination of the mind's four functionalities
1) Watch the function of mind through the actions and speech.
Because our actions and words give a mirror reflection of what is happening in our own mind.
2) Simultaneously, observe the process of thinking within.
When we are watching our actions and speech, we can also observe the process of thinking.
- Observe the mind's four functionalities at the moment they are being processed.
- Observe them independently one after the other.
- Observe them as they interact with one another.
"Observing our actions and speech reveals the underlying process of thoughts in the mind".
- by Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati